LUCKNOW: In 2017, as many as 11units of blood donated at the community blood bank of King George’s Medical University (KGMU) were found to be infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In past several years, only three to five units of HIV infected blood units had been timely detected annually.
Blood transfusion runs a high risk of contracting HIV if the blood transfused is infected. KGMU has undertaken specialized Nucleic acid testing (NAT) since 2012. Since then 3,10,000 units tested by NAT, 2300were found to be infected with HIV, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C and were thus discarded
The rise implies that the number of HIV infected persons are increasing, and also that KGMU has been able to detect infected blood with much more precision by using the specialized Nucleic Acid Testing (NAT), than the previously used ELISA testing method to check donated blood for preventing infections via blood transfusion.
According to the number of HIV infected blood units has grown exponentially while cases of blood infected with Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B have gone down over the years.