@ U.P. has 1 crore 48 lakh 64 thousand 117 children affected by multi-dimensional nutritional issues.
Despite several health schemes/programs for children, the fact remains that 49.9% children of below the age of 5, still suffer from malnutrition. Malnutrition is a critical health condition caused by unbalanced diet or insufficient food. It weakens mental ability as well as physical growth. A report by Saujanya Tripathi for the2is.com:
According to a report by Indian Human Survey, 52.81% children were affected by malnutrition in 1992. The government launched several programs to tackle this situation. UNICEF also came forward to assist with the supply of food supplement and milk. A survey undertaken in 1993 showed that the programs had a marginal effect and 51.20% children were still suffering from malnutrition. However, through sustained efforts, the figure came down to 38.4% by1997. But this jumped to 46.3% in 1999 and even higher at 49.9% in 2011.According to official data, more than 43% children below 5 years of age are still suffering from malnutrition in India. Poverty is the major cause of malnutrition, a report by the USA based Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative reveals. The report says that around 31% of the children in the world belong only to India. In other words, 68.9 crores of poor children are in Indian.
The figure of malnutrition-affected poor children is 8% for Nigeria, 7% for Ethiopia and 6% for Pakistan. India is ranked 37th among the world’s 103 countries as far as percentage of poor children to the total population is concerned.