Diabetes is no more a disease of the rich, now it has spread among people of every age and social strata. Almost 10 to 15 years ago the average age of a diabetic patient was 40 years but now young people of the age group of 25 to 30 years are falling prey to this disease. According to a report of International Diabetic Federation (IDF), in the year 2016 the number of patients were 37.1 Crore and this can increase up-to 77 Crore by the year 2030 in the world. In 2015, 7crore people in India were suffering from diabetes. Experts say that consumption of high carbohydrate food is the cause of rampant spread of this disease. A report by Dharmendra Tripathi of the2is.com:
- A report of WHO says that puts the number of diabetics has almost doubled in the last 15 years in India.
- As per the 2016 report of WHO the number of diabetics in the 2000 were 2crore which increased to 6.3crore in 2013 and in 2015 they were 7crore in India.
- 75crore people are suffering from kidney problems which are directly related to diabetes in India.
- Number of diabetes patients in India will increase to 11crore in the next 15 years.
- 28lac people died in 2015 due to the complications arising from the diabetes
- China, India and Indonesia have the most number of diabetics.
- The major causes of diabetes in India are junk food, high carbohydrate diet, sedentary lifestyle, lack of physical exercise, and stress
The increasing number of diabetics from the lower income group is alarming. Urban poor are more prone to diabetes in comparison to the rich According to a report published in ‘Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology’, it is a matter of great concern for India. A report by Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) and Ministry of Health sheds light on the fact that low income group people living in the tier-1 cities are more prone to diabetes in comparison to the high income group people residing in such cities. For example; in Chandigarh 26.9% people from lower income group were found to be suffering from diabetes whereas 12.9% people from high income group people were found to be diabetics.
Reason behind It
Vice President of Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, R M Anjana who has written the research report, says that low income group people consume high carbohydrate food consisting of rice and wheat which they get from Public Distribution System. Carbohydrates are responsible for the production of glucose in the body and when the level of carbohydrates increase, the level of glucose produced in the body also increase. When the blood containing high level of glucose is not absorbed by the muscles, it gives rise to the problem of diabetes. Almost 50% cases of diabetes are due to unhealthy diet and physical inactivity. Unhealthy food includes all the junk foods which are easily available on the Indian streets.
According to Dr. Debashish Saha, Senior Physician and Nephrologist of Lucknow says malnutrition is also a major cause of diabetes. Poor people cannot afford proper diet and coupled with increasing obesity and high level of stress, this leads to diabetes among them. People of Asian descent are characterized by low insulin production in pancreas which is a major cause of diabetes and hence, the number of diabetes patients is very high in China and India. Other Asian countries also have shown an increase in the number of diabetes patients.
Urban Female under High Risk
- The number of middle aged urban females suffering from diabetes is going up.
- According to the study conducted by Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and Ministry of Health 7% of urban females and 10% of rural females suffer from diabetes.
- 5% of urban females, 6% of the urban poor females and 57.4% of the urban middle class females are suffering from obesity.
High Risk of Death from Heart Attack in Diabetes Patients
People suffering from diabetes have more chances of a fatal heart attack in comparison to non-diabetics. School of Medicine of University of Leeds conducted a study on 7lac heart attack patients who were admitted in the hospital, besides 21 thousand diabetes patients. It was found that there were 56% more chances of a deadly heart attack in case of patients suffering from diabetes in comparison to people who were not suffering from diabetes.