New Delhi: With the growth in population, the amount of garbage people produce is also growing incessantly. the prevalent trends suggest that lifestyles require easily disposable products, such as soda cans or bottles of water, but the accumulation of these products has led to increasing amounts of plastic pollution around the world. Seeing the plastic became an important part of our lives, but now this plastic is being destroyed. Plastic is the topmost pollutant in the environment which is causing a substantial harm to the environment. The situation is that if this plastic pollution is not put to a stop, then within 32 years i.e., by 2050, there would be more plastic in the ocean than fish.
UN Agriculture Organization Warns
According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, the plastic shreds into small pieces. The creatures living in oceans and rivers eat this shreded plastic. When we consume these organisms, we also consume plastic simultaneously. According to a research done in the UK, the number of fish that are caught while fishing is only one-third and the rest is plastic. Not only this, almost every kilogram of salt from the oceans gets around 350 particles of plastic.
Only 30% plastic is recycled
In the past 111 years, as much as the plastic was prepared all over the world, 70 percent of its garbage has spread on the earth. Europe is ahead in recycling plastic. There is 30 per cent plastic only which is recycled. In China 25 per cent and in the US and India only 9 per cent is plastic recycle. The smoke and particles that cause the burns of plastic, also damage health. According to experts, apart from this smoke and particles, the hot ingredients in plastic cups and other ingredients are reaching the body. Along with plastic, there is a bad effect on the brain and reproduction
India ranks 12th in plastic pollution
India is 12th in the world in terms of plastic pollution. According to an estimate, every person in India prepares an average of 340 grams of non-organic waste daily. About 30 percent of it is plastic. Combine industries and other fields, then the data of the year 2016 shows that there are about 1.6 million tonnes of plastic waste every year in India. At the same time, in the report submitted in the Lok Sabha on behalf of the Central Government in 2017, plastics have been told to make 25 lakh tonnes of garbage every year. There are 2 thousand 243 plants for making and recycling plastics in India.
Indian states ahead in plastic waste
Maharashtra tops in generating plastic waste. Every year 4 lakh 69 thousand tons of plastic waste is generated in India alone. Gujarat with 2.69 lakh tonnes, Tamil Nadu third with 1.50 lakh tonnes, UP fourth with 1.30 lakh tonnes, Karnataka fifth with 1.29 lakh tonnes, Andhra Pradesh sixth with 1.28 lakh tonnes and Telangana seventh with 1.2 million tons of plastic waste.