Lucknow: A comprehensive guidelines were prepared for managing faecal sludge and septage in cities of  Uttar Pradesh- in a recently held review meeting with the Centre for Science and environment,(CSE). The state government has declared that these guidelines will soon be issued for 653 urban local bodies (ULBs) in the state. Manoj Kumar Singh, principal secretary, department of urban development, the government of Uttar Pradeshassured that the guidelines will be issued and they will help the ULBs in faecal sludge and septage  (FSSM). The guidelines were prepared by CSE on request of the department.

Central Pollution Control Board 

As per a 2015 report of the Central Pollution Control Board, Uttar Pradesh has 73 sewage treatment plants (STPs) with a cumulative treatment capacity of 2,646.84 million litres per day (MLD). Seven of these STPs (89.59 MLD) are non-operational, three (cumulative
capacity 170 MLD) are under construction, and one STP (15 MLD) has been proposed. CSE researchers point out that a Faecal Waste Flow Diagram (often referred to as ‘SFD’) based on the 2011 Census, shows that 86.73 per cent of the untreated excreta in the state
either enters water bodies or is disposed of in agricultural lands or the domestic environment. This poses a huge risk to public health and the environment at large.

How will CSE support the State

CSE will support the department of urban development in improving the capacity of the state and its ULBs in planning, designing and implementation of interventions across the sanitation value chain for effective septage management and for preparing City Sanitation Plans. This will include technical support for pilot intervention in a few towns/cities, monitoring and research required to identify barriers and solutions for scaling up interventions required for achieving city-wide sanitation.

Target model towns

CSE has selected Bijnor and Chunar as its target model towns for this project. CSE has also agreed to provide technical support to the department for developing a pilot project (in and around Lucknow, the state capital) for showcasing cost-effective co-treatment of faecal sludge and septage at existing sewage treatment plants and dedicated faecal sludge and septage treatment plants.