Lucknow: Every year, on 14 June, countries around the world celebrate World Blood Donor Day. The event serves to thank voluntary, unpaid blood donors for their life-saving gifts of blood and to raise awareness of the need for regular blood donations to ensure the quality, safety and availability of blood and blood products for patients in need. On this special day, we spoke to Dr Tulika Chandra, President of Transfusion Medicine Department of King George Medical University.
People of what age group can donate blood?
Dr. Chandra : People ranging from 18 to 65 years of age can donate blood
Can women donate blood?
Dr. Chandra: Yes women can also donate blood but not during pregnancy.
Usually how much blood is there at blood bank of KGMU?
Dr. Chandra: Usually KGMU’s blood bank has enough blood, but it is also possible that blood of O + group may not be found, because it is a rare blood group.
How long does blood remains fit to use in the blood banks?
Dr. Chandra: Blood is composed of several components, and the duration of each component’s deterioration is different. For example, PRBC (packet red blood cells) gets spoiled in 35 days. SAGUM is bad in 42 days, platelets are spoiled in 5 days and the FFB (First Frozen Plasma) deforms in 1 week.
How are the spoiled blood disposed?
Dr. Chandra : The spoiled blood is disposed of in the incinerator so that no disease spreads due to unclean blood.
Do you get blood donors easily?
Dr. Chandra : It is very difficult to get blood donors because people feel that if they donate blood they will become weak. People also think it is okay to buy blood instead of donating it to their relatives.
In private hospitals the attendents of the patients have to roam in and arround to arrange blood. Does KGMU provides blood to such patients in need?
Dr. Chandra: In private hospitals it is a little difficult but if these patients come here they will be provided blood only on the condition that the attendent of the patient has to donate blood in return.
Any message for the public on World Blood donor day?
Dr. Chandra: I would say that there should be awareness among people regarding blood donation. Donate blood every three months because blood donation will save your life, and it is also beneficial for your health. Blood donation reduces chances of heart attack. People who regularly donate blood, 99% of the cases have found that their health is well maintained. Also, the blood you donate consists of three major components which go into 3 different people. this ultimately saves 3 people’s life. Blood Donation is the most virtuous donation, hence everyone should donate blood.