New Delhi: The world population day is being observed on Wednesday, according to UN reports in 2017 the current world population is 7.6 billion and is expected to reach 8.6 billion by 2030. It is believed that India will slip past China to become the most populous country in the world and is likely to hold the rank throughout the 21st century.
The pace at which the population is growing is surely going to curb the requiered space because space is limited but there is a fourfold increase in population. This situation will definatley create a havoc in future.
The most populous countries of the world
According to the UN report, China with 1.4 billion people and India with 1.3 billion people are the two most populous countries and contributing to 19% and 18 % of the global population respectively. The report predicted that India will surpass China around 2024 or roughly 7 years. The pace of India’s population growth, now at 15 million per year, is the world’s largest. The two nations alone have more than a billion people, and their population gap is projected to widen to 500 million by 2100. By comparison, the third and fourth most populous countries in 2100, Nigeria and the United States, are projected to have populations of nearly 800 million and 450 million, respectively.
Not using safe and effective family planning
According to the UN report, around 214 million women in developing countries who want to avoid pregnancy are not using safe and effective family planning methods. Here are certain data by the National Family Health Survey 2015-16 on the usage of family planning methods.
- The current use of family planning methods among married women (15-49 years) is 53.5%.
- Unmet need for family planning was 12.9%. (Unmet need for family planning refers to those women who are fecund and sexually active but not using any method of contraception though wishing to postpone the next birth –spacing or not wanting any more children -limiting).
“Family planning is a human right”
World Population Day, a United Nations initiative, is celebrated every year on June 11. The initiative was introduced to spread awareness about the importance of population issue worldwide. This year, the theme for the World Population Day is ‘Family Planning is a Human Right’.