India is a ‘young’ country. In 1971 the youth population was 168 million which increased to 422 million in 2011. The overall growth rate of the youth of India was 30.6% in 1971 which increased to 34.8% in 2011. But the most disheartening point in the arena of youth population in India since independence has been the falling sex ratio. A report by Ishi Arya:
The only silver lining in the falling sex ratio has been the decrease in the number of females married between the ages of 15 and 19. The percentage of females married between 15 and 19 has gone down from 69.57% in 1961 to 19.47% in 2011.
The mean average age of marriage age of females has gone up from 19.4 years in 1995 to 22.3 years in 2014. Andhra Pradesh has the lowest mean average age of 18.1 years in the year 1995 and the lowest mean average age in the year 2014 was 21.5 in West Bengal. Maharashtra, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh showed a major increase in the average effective marriage age of females and Kerala has always shown an increase in the average age.
Education is a major concern in a youth country like India where the majority is youth. The literacy rate as per the 2011 census is 73%. Females are way below the males in the literacy rates also. Only 64.6% of the females are literate in comparison to 80.9% of males being literate. In the year 2011 the percentage of literates greatly increased.
In India in 2011, a total of 2,71,72,300 were registered in an Under Graduate courses. The male-female trend continues here also like 1.4cr males were registered in comparison to 1.2cr females. Post Graduate shows a different story where 38,53,400 people are registered in which 18 lac males and 19 lac females are registered.
The keen interest of females in the education can be devised from the number of females registered in the M.Phil, PG and certificate courses which are more than the corresponding males. The youths are highly qualified but still around 6.1% of the male is unemployed. The major cause of increase in the crime among the youth is because of the unemployment. In 2015 41,385 juveniles were apprehended. The majority of them 40,468 being boys and only 917 were girls, which was presented by the National Crime Record.